Got itchy flaky scalps? Never fear! Itchy scalps are no cause for concern. Curing them, although tedious, is relatively easy. Although it takes a while, itchy scalps can usually be treated using medicated shampoos.

Since Singapore is a humid country, hair often becomes oily and grimy at the end of the day. That’s the perfect setting for all sorts of pests to fester! Here are three common causes of itchy flaky scalps and their fixes.

 

dandruff-and-dry-scalp-are-different-but-need-similar-treatment

  • Dandruff

Dandruff causes many small white flaky skin cells to detach from the scalp. These detached cells often are caught in the hair. Dandruff is caused by a common skin disease called seborrheic dermatitis and is more common in men rather than women.

While it usually goes away by itself, it is also often a recurring problem that is a great cause for irritation. However, while irritating, dandruff has one of the easiest treatments, and you can try this scalp treatment in Singapore without leaving your home: just use shampoo! You can eliminate dandruff by using shampoo with any of the following (or a combination of the following) ingredients: coal tar, ketoconazole, salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, and zinc pyrithione.

 

head-lice

  • Head Lice

Lice can be found in both children and adults, but are more common in children. They are also more common in girls than in boys. They are tiny insects that burrow into a person’s scalp. They feed on blood and lay eggs (called nits) in the hair. Nits are small and white and cling to the hair. They may be mistaken for dandruff, but are harder to remove.

Lice can be killed and removed when you use medicated shampoo that has pyrethrin or permethrin. A fine-toothed comb can also be used to detach the nits from your hair.

If a person in your family contracts lice, stop sharing combs, towels, and pillows immediately. All other members of your family should also be checked for lice to prevent them from passing the lice.

 

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  • Ringworm of the Scalp (Tinea Capitis)

Ringworm is a fungal infection caused by dermatophytes. It can occur in many different areas of the body, including the scalp. Ringworm of the scalp appears as a circular bald patch surrounded by red scaly pieces of skin. It often comes with itchy pus-filled sores.

Dermatophytes, like all fungi, thrive in warm, damp areas. So tinea capitis occurs most often among people who do not wash their hair or bathe often and leave their skin wet for a long time.

Most ringworm infections can be cured using a topical over-the-counter anti-fungal prescription, yet infections of the scalp can only fully be treated with an oral anti-fungal drug. This is because tinea capitis is burrowed deep in the scalp. So to treat this, you must get a prescription from your dermatologist.

 

Even while taking an oral drug, you will need to keep your scalp clean using a medicated shampoo containing ketoconazole or selenium sulfide.

All combs and brushes in your home must be soaked a one-part bleach and ten-part water solution. Do this an hour for three days. The other members, especially children, of your household may also use the special shampoo.

In most cases, itchy scalps are not a serious matter, and if they bother you, these remedies can be enough to stay them. However, if itching persists and starts to disrupt your daily activities, please consult your dermatologist.