The knees are one of the strongest parts of the body. These joints are where the bones of the lower leg meet the bones of the upper leg. They allow the hinge-like movement while providing balance, stability and strength to support the whole weight of the body. Thus, the knee is one of the largest joints in the body.
The knees contain several moving and supporting parts like muscles, cartilages, ligaments and tendons. They all work together to help the knees perform its role. One of the most important parts of the knee is the meniscus.
What Is The Meniscus?
The menisci are pieces of cartilage in the knees that lie between the tibia and the femur. These are important parts of the knees especially for athletes. Thus, they are the people who are prone to meniscus injury.
The meniscus is a C-shaped disc that supports and cushions the knee. When this is injured or torn, it can lead to pain, swelling, stiffness and difficulty in moving.
What Is A Meniscus Tear Or Meniscus Injury?
One has a meniscus tear or meniscus injury after a trauma caused by a forceful twisting of the knee joint. This injury is one of the most common orthopedic injuries affecting mostly athletes.
What Happens After A Cartilage Is Torn?
Symptoms of a torn meniscus include pain on the area, swelling, or popping. The symptoms linked to meniscus tears vary greatly depending in the severity of the injury. Minor tears may result in a little pain or swelling. On the other hand, worse tears may result in limitations of movement, severe pain and even swelling.
How Is Torn Meniscus Treated?
Meniscus tear treatment is the expertise of an orthopedic specialist. He or she will treat the injury based on the severity of symptoms. Initially, cold compress and rest are recommended for relief. Pain relievers may also be given.
However, for severe cases, a surgery is needed to repair the meniscus or remove parts of the torn tissue. After the surgery, the patient may need to undergo physical therapy.
How To Protect The Knees From Injuries?
It is important to protect the knees from injury through certain precautionary measures. Do not carry objects that are too heavy for you. Also, when reaching objects placed on higher surfaces, use a step stool and avoid using chairs to stand on. This will prevent accidents like falls.
For athletes, it is recommended to use knee guards during sports or recreational activities. Lastly, it is important to stretch before and after physical exercise, games or sports.
The knees are very strong since they can carry the body’s weight. However, it is important to pay extra attention in protecting them from injuries. You need to remember not to strain the knees by maintaining a healthy weight, performing stretching before activities and avoiding strenuous activities that put too much weight and force on the knees.