Many of the advances in modern medical technology revolve around diagnostic techniques. This is because the sooner and more accurately a health issue can be diagnosed, the easier it is for doctors to treat and hopefully cure the issue.
Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive diagnostic surgical procedure that allows doctors to examine and diagnose issues affecting abdominal organs. This is a procedure that has minimal risk since only tiny incisions are made.
Laparoscopy is performed using a tool called a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a skinny, long tube that has a powerful light and a camera with high resolution on its tip. After being inserted into an incision that is made in the abdomen, the laparoscope is positioned in the area that the doctor wishes to examine. As it travels through the abdomen, it is constantly sending video images to a video monitor that is being reviewed by the physician.
Laparoscopy is a powerful tool because it allows a physician to examine their patient in real-time, collect biopsy samples, and perform diagnosis without an invasive or open surgery.
When Is a Laparoscopy Performed?
Laparoscopy is performed when a patient has abdominal or pelvic pain that a physician cannot diagnose using non-invasive methods. In most common cases, a physician will use an ultrasound, a CT scan, or MRI to identify and diagnose problems with the abdomen or the pelvis. However, there are times when these techniques do not provide a physician with the information they need to diagnose and treat a problem. For example, if sample tissue is needed or if a biopsy is needed, these non-invasive scans are inadequate.
Doctors will use laparoscopy to examine their patient’s spleen, reproductive organs, pancreas, appendix, liver, and their small and large bowel. A laparoscopy examination will help doctors to see if their patients have a tumour or an abnormal mass that is causing them problems. It can also detect the accumulation of fluids in the abdominal cavity. Patients who are fighting liver disease or who have questions about how effective a treatment they are taking for an abdominal problem will benefit from laparoscopy. Laparoscopy is also an effective way to determine the progress of cancer affecting the abdominal and pelvic region.
Understanding the Risk of Laparoscopy
Since it is a minimally invasive procedure, the risks associated with laparoscopy are very few. These would include bleeding and infection. Patients would want to contact the doctor immediately if they have stomach pain that becomes progressively more intense over time, if they have fevers, chills, shortness of breath, light-headedness, or the inability to urinate properly after having a laparoscopy procedure. Other worrisome symptoms would include nausea and vomiting, as well as bleeding, drainage, or swelling around the incision sites.
There also exists the minimal risk of an organ being damaged during the examination singaporemedq procedure. If this happens, a follow-up surgery will be required to repair the damage.
Laparoscopy is an outpatient procedure. General anaesthesia is given before the procedure begins. As the procedure starts, a small incision is made underneath the bellybutton. Up to four incisions are made, allowing the doctors to insert other tools into the abdomen. Once a procedure is completed, the tools are removed, the incisions are closed, and bandages are placed over the incisions.
It will take a few days after the procedure before a person is able to return to full activities. They may require a follow-up visit to the doctor a few weeks after the procedure.