What exactly are cataracts? How do they form? And is there a cure for such? These are some of the most frequently asked questions about the subject. Cataracts are formed when the tissues of our eyes’ natural lenses get crumpled as we grow older. They are the opacities that block the light that the lenses process, and in turn the light scatters and gives us a hazy or blurred vision of an image. These things take months, or even years to form. However, it is not to be taken lightly, because if left untreated, it can cause double vision, light sensitivity, and ultimately, blindness. Some of the symptoms include dim vision, fading colors of images, and night sight difficulty, among others. Seeing as this eye problem is not uncommon among people of old age, there are some useful tips for prevention and treatment for cataracts. Here are some of the things that can guide and help you in your battle.
Eating Right As always, eating right is a viable option for caring for your eyes. Prevention is always better than cure. A well balanced diet of food nutrients will help make your eyes stronger, so they’ll have enough protection from the harmful effects of both the outside world and old age. Foods rich with lutein and zeaxanthin lessens the risk of getting cataracts. Eating enough protein is important too, and you can get it from meat or non-meat sources (nuts and soy are some of the best non-meat sources of protein). Fishes that are good sources of Omega 3 acids include salmons and sardines, and these can help you make your eyes stronger.
Supplements Multivitamins can decrease the risk of cataracts according to various studies. Rich with antioxidants, they help your eyes to always stay nourished and refreshed. Vitamins A and C are also key factors in keeping your eyes healthy, and a dose of bilberry can also improve night vision and eyesight.
Limited Sunglasses Time Although wearing sunglasses will help us protect our eyes from the harmful UV rays, it is not advisable to always resort to wearing it, as it also blocks the helpful light that the sun gives out. Be sure to only wear them when necessary.
Surgery Prevention doesn’t always work, but it is good to know that there are surgeries that can help alleviate us from the difficulties that cataracts bring. Being one of the most successful treatment for cataracts, about 90% percent of surgeries for this condition are effective and truly bring forth great results. Small incision surgeries and extracapsular surgeries are two of the most common operations for cataracts.
These are some of the most helpful tips in overcoming cataracts in general. Knowing is half the battle, and time is of essence when it comes to cataracts. For more detailed information, or if you have a doubt about your eyes’ health, you should never hesitate to consult with an eye doctor.