Cataract is an eye condition where the naturally clear lens of our eyes become cloudy. It is usually an aging-related issue. Depending on the severity of your condition, your eye doctor will be able to advise you if you need cataract surgery.
To understand this procedure, here are the answers to the commonly asked questions about cataract surgery.
- Who is a candidate for cataract surgery, and is it safe?
There is no better person to say that you are a candidate for surgery than your doctor. It is best to consult an ophthalmologist and undergo comprehensive eye exams to assess your overall eye health.
Cataract surgery is a proven safe procedure with about 98% success rate. Studies even show that after the surgery, there is a great chance that the patient’s eyesight will improve.
- What is done during the surgery?
The most common procedure for cataract removal is called phacoemulsification. In this procedure, an incision is made on the lens capsule. After this, an ultrasound device is inserted into the capsule to break down the lens into small pieces, which are then removed. The last part is the insertion of the artificial lens into the capsule where it unfolds and takes the place of the old one.
- What is laser-assisted cataract surgery?
In laser-assisted cataract surgery, highly concentrated light or laser is used to open the lens capsule and initially break down the cataract. Because lasers are more precise than incisions, laser-assisted cataract surgery usually has shorter recovery time and does not need stitches to close the lens capsule.
- What to expect after surgery?
Immediately after surgery, your vision may be a bit blurry and you will feel like there is something in your eyes. This is perfectly normal and will subside within the hour.
If you have a cataract on both eyes, the surgeries will be scheduled about two weeks apart, and you will be asked to have follow-up appointments with your eye doctor. After the surgery, you will also be asked to wear an eye shield to prevent any further damage as your eyes heal.
If you notice that your vision is blurrier than usual, it is recommended that you seek advice on cataract from an eye doctor to know how you could manage your condition properly. For those with no health complications such as diabetes, the scheduling of your surgery up to the recovery time should be done in just a month.