Battling Skin Pigmentation: Understanding the Cause And Knowing the Treatment


The skin is the body’s first line of defense against environmental hazards including the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. Though it’s designed to protect the body, it suffers damage as a result of the free radicals that have negative impacts on the cells of the skin.

As a result, UV rays can cause premature skin aging, a condition where wrinkles, fine lines, and discoloration appear on the skin earlier than expected.

Premature skin aging is a problem most people deal with today. One of the most dreaded effects of long-term sun exposure is skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation. It’s a condition where some parts of the skin begin to darken and occur in small patches.

Causes Of Hyperpigmentation

Skin pigmentation disorders are relatively common and widespread. Though it can be treated, most patients feel embarrassed and stressed because their appearance is involved. Below are some of the causing factors:1

– Prolonged Skin Exposure

The most common cause of this skin problem is prolonged sun exposure. There are two layers of the skin, the epidermis or the outermost layer and the dermis, the lower layer. In the lowest layer of the epidermis are the melanocytes, which are cells responsible for producing the pigment called melanin.

When these cells are overstimulated, or the epidermis is exposed to the sun, it produces excess pigmentation.2

– Hormonal Changes

Another cause of hyperpigmentation is hormonal changes, for example, during pregnancy. When there is an imbalance in the hormones in the body, the body can produce more melanin than usual.3

– Genetics

Genetics can also play a role in the appearance of skin patches. People who have a familial history of this skin condition are at a higher risk of suffering from it too.

Treating Hyperpigmentation

Today, there are many ways to treat hyperpigmentation. Treatment options range from creams and serums to laser procedures.4

– Laser Therapy

Among the most efficient techniques available is laser treatment. This method targets the melanin present on the skin, especially on the dark patches.5

– Special Creams And Skin Treatments

Chemical peels and special creams also promise a clear and flawless skin after using them religiously on the patches. Avoiding too much sun exposure may also help.

The skin is a delicate part of the body so taking good care of it is important. Aside from avoiding activities that might damage the skin, it is also important to maintain a healthy diet and to live a healthier lifestyle.

The Top 5  Most Effective Methods Of Treating Melasma

melasma4Melasma or the dark discoloration that randomly appears on your skin can be very unsightly especially if they develop on your face. The good news is that there are certain things you can do to help in getting rid of them. Always keep in mind that the dark spots can grow gradually if they remain untreated. It’s a condition that’s quite common among women and those who have regular exposure to the sun. Below is a quick breakdown of the most efficient ways of treating melasma:hydroquinone

  1. Use topical depigmenting agents like hydroquinone.

Hydroquinone is a chemical that hinders the enzyme which produces melanin. Less melanin would mean less pigmentation on your skin. The hydroquinone acts as a skin-bleaching agent. It’s easy to apply on the face and is readily available in health and wellness clinics.ra5_l31c

  1. Use tretinoin acid.

There’s a reason why tretinoin is widely used in anti-aging products. It has essential attributes needed to getting rid of dark spots on the skin. Scientific studies have also show that it’s effective in getting the job done. Not only that, tretinoin helps in boosting your skin’s protection against cancer.chemical-peel

  1. Smooth out the skin using chemical peels.

Although a chemical peel is a bit invasive since it involves removing the outermost layers of the skin, it’s preferred by some because it’s effective. The technique also offers instant results which make it a good option for people who want to get rid of dark spots as quickly as possible.Dermabrasion b and a_0

  1. Consider going through dermabrasion.

This treatment procedure is quite similar to chemical peels. However, it makes use of a wire brush or a diamond wheel with really rough edges in removing the upper layers of the skin.Natural_Skin_care

  1. Take care of your skin using natural beauty products.

Prevention is still the best protection against melasma. Always use a facial wash in the morning and in the evening to get rid of the dirt, grime, and oil. And always put on sunscreen or moisturizer when you go out because exposure to direct sunlight is one of the leading causes of melasma.

In conclusion, melasma treatment involves using the right kinds of depigmenting agents and acids. It also includes taking extra care of your skin by using beauty products that have proven to be good defenders against skin illnesses and conditions. For the best results, it’s advisable that you consult with an experienced dermatologist to help you decide which treatment options are best for your skin.

The Truth About Skin Pigmentation And How To Treat It

Skin pigmentation is a skin disorder wherein the color of the skin changes. For most women, skin pigmentation is not a pretty sight, especially if it appears on the face. Hence, they visit cosmetic and aesthetic centers in Singapore for skin treatments.

Melanin is a pigment that gives the skin its color. However, when the special cells in the skin, which produces melanin, becomes unhealthy or damaged, it may affect the production of melanin. As a result, people with skin pigmentation may have patches of skin discoloration on their skin while others have them on the whole body.


The Culprits

One of the culprits most doctors link to skin pigmentation is the sun’s ultraviolet rays (UV). The sun releases both UVA and UVB rays, both of which may damage the skin and release free radicals that hasten the skin’s aging, called premature signs of skin aging. There is no exact amount of sun exposure that has been reported to cause skin pigmentation. However, as the famous cliché goes, too much of everything is bad. Thus, too much sun exposure can harm and damage the skin.

Other causes of skin pigmentation are the use of medicines, Addison’s disease, pregnancy, and aging. In fact, from the age of 30, these factors can cause the alteration in the production of melanin leading to its uneven distribution in the skin. Hence, it is important to consult a reputable dermatologist to help you prevent skin problems and at the same time, treat uneven skin pigments on the skin.


How To Treat Skin Pigmentation?

There are various skin pigmentation treatment options available today. Over the years, dermatologists have created and developed procedures that help reduce the appearance of premature signs of skin aging. Skin pigmentation treatment regimens today may include chemical peels, laser therapies, skin care products and skin topical creams.

Aside from treating skin pigmentation, one of the essential things to do is protect the skin from the harmful rays of the sun. By using UVA and UVB sun protection like umbrellas, sun block lotions, and clothing, the skin is protected from damage. Moreover, avoiding tanning lotions and tanning beds may also prevent due damage to the skin.


Dermatologists in skin care clinics can recommend various techniques for correcting dark spots and skin pigments. Since they are licensed and well-versed with the various diseases

Top 7 Things To Ask Before Getting A Treatment At An Aesthetic Clinic


Thinking of getting a beauty treatment at an aesthetic clinic? No matter what kind of treatment you’re seeking for your beauty issues, you need to do some research and consult with an aesthetician or a doctor prior to getting a treatment. To help you, here are the top 7 things you should ask before a treatment:

  1. Does the treatment suit me? Depending on your health/skin conditions and needs, some beauty treatments may not be suitable for you, especially if you’re pregnant or have any other health/skin issues. Find out if the procedure is safe for your body or skin type as well as your health.
  1. How does the treatment work? To avoid the unnecessary, you can’t undergo a treatment without having any idea how the procedure is going to be like. Is the treatment invasive? Or is it non-surgical? Would you be ok with injections and going under the knife? Or would you rather stick to painless procedures?


  1. How many sessions are needed? Depending on your health, body, or skin condition, you may need more or fewer sessions to treat your beauty concerns. For optimum results, the rule of thumb is to get three to five treatments.
  1. How long will the treatments last? Most non-invasive beauty treatments often last between 10-30 minutes, while the more invasive ones could last between an hour or two, depending on the size of the area being treated.
  1. Will there be side effects? Even if you opt for a non-invasive treatment, there might still be a minor side effect. Ask for any potential side effects like redness, swelling or irritation.
  1. How long will it take to recover? Whether you opt for a non-invasive treatment or not, some treatments may require more downtime than usual. However, non-invasive treatments usually require little to no recovery time. It’s always best to ask.


  1. How much is the cost? Always consider the cost of the treatment, whether it’s the cost of body contouring treatments or skin lightening procedures. Is there any extra charge? Will there be additional beauty supplements to buy to maintain the treatment’s results? See whether you can get a package treatment for better deals.

If you have any other concern regarding the treatment, don’t hesitate to bring it up and discuss it with your consultant, in addition to the top 7 things mentioned. Try to get as much info during the consultation as you can, and weigh the pros and cons as well as the risk factors.

5 Interesting Ways to Kick Male Pattern Baldness Problem Out of Your Life

TOne common reason men experience hair loss as they age is a hereditary condition named male pattern baldness. Although it is not considered as harmful, it affects self-confidence, which ruins your enjoyment of life.

Thankfully, there are many easy things you can do to get back your healthy beautiful hair. Read on to discover practical ways of treating male pattern baldness.1

  1. Massage Your Scalp with Nettles Male pattern baldness occurs as testosterone hormone is being converted into dihydrotestosterone or DHT and then causing the hair follicles get smaller and smaller over time. Good news is, nettles can help prevent this from happening. You can get shampoos with nettle extracts or even buy nettle supplements.
  2. Make the Most of the Antioxidants Antioxidants can do the magic to boost hair growth and cure baldness naturally. Green tea is rich in antioxidants and it is beneficial as a natural remedy to promote hair growth. You just need to prepare one or two green tea bags in a cup of hot water. After that, apply the tea on your scalp while it’s still warm. Wait for a while before rinsing it off. In addition, start eating various fruits and vegetables to get a supply of antioxidants to your diet constantly.
  3. Apply Nasturtium and Thyme Herbs Many practitioners have been using nasturtium and thyme as medicinal herbs for a very long time. These contain so many health benefits including as a remedy for weak and thinning hair. Here is a suggestion for natural treatment using nasturtium and thyme that you can do at home. First of all, soak dried nasturtium seeds and leaves and dried thyme in 1 liter of vodka for about 10 days. After 10 days, just strain and massage the lotion-like-texture into your scalp. Do this often and see the difference.
  4. Finasteride Finasteride drug is well-known to treat benign enlargement of the prostate. Also, experts have discovered that it can also help prevent hair thinning in men suffering male pattern baldness effectively with an 80 percent success. However, you must first consult your doctor regarding the treatment.
  5. Minoxidil If you are just starting to lose your hair, then maybe Minoxidil can help. You need no prescription to buy it, and it is available in pharmacies as a topical solution named Rogaine. Actually, it is originally used to treat high blood pressure, but it also has an equally important healing power to stimulate hair growth. Even though it is quite pricey, it is not a bad idea to give it a try (consult your doctor first).2

Many people agree that these tips are working. So why don’t you stop having self-doubt, keep your worry to a minimum, and try at least one of these male pattern baldness cure today?

What is A Laparoscopic Surgery and How to Prepare for One?

Laparoscopic surgery is a minor surgery done to identify the underlying cause of abdominal and pelvic pain. This surgical diagnostic technique is executed by making small incisions in the abdomen where a tube will be inserted. The surgeon will pump carbon dioxide through the tube to inflate the abdomen. Once inflated, a laparoscope is inserted through the tube.

It is performed when all other tests do not identify the cause of pain in the abdomen or pelvic region. It is usually done while the person is asleep under general anesthesia. In some instances, a laparoscopic surgery is done to remove an ovarian or tubal cyst.

How to prepare for a laparoscopic surgery? Below are some of the important reminders to keep in mind before the procedure:


  1. Prepare the hospital bag. The essentials include medical records and insurance card. In most cases, patients are allowed to go home a few hours after the surgery. But it is possible that the doctor would advise a patient to stay in the hospital for a few days. That depends on the results of the diagnosis. Pack the toiletries. Patients could also bring along a small pillow and some magazines or something to lay their eyes on. Patients will be asked to stay in bed after the surgery, so something that entertains them can be of great help. It is recommended to bring some peppermint tea, as it can help relieve the shoulder pain. Some also bring mints and gums to relieve the gas. Pack loose clothing. It will be needed after the surgery because the belly may be tender and bloated. Pack anything that will be comfortable to wear such as pajama, leggings, and loose-fitting trousers.
  1. Empty the stomach. A patient should not eat or drink anything 6 to 12 hours before the surgery. This is to reduce the risk of throwing up while a person is under anesthesia.


  1. Ask the health care provider about the meds the patient should or should not take before the procedure. Laparoscopy can be different for everyone. However, there are cases when doctors advise patients to stop taking certain medications prior to the surgery. For example, women are recommended to stop taking Continuous combination Estrogen/Progesterone pills five days before the surgery. Blood-thinning meds should also be avoided to prevent excessive bleeding during the operation.
  1. Find someone who can take care of the patient. Have someone who can drive the patient home and someone to look after them. It can be a bit difficult to move after the surgery so it’s best to have a buddy with them. Patients are advised to rest a lot afterward so it helps to have someone help with the medications.


  1. Discuss any fears with a doctor. It is normal to have some fears about surgery. By addressing fears, the surgeon could help in minimizing them. For example, if the patient is afraid of the pain, ask the surgeon what could be done to help ease it.

There are people who find laparoscopy terrifying. It happens especially to those who never had any surgery in the past. Any surgery can be threatening but the pain brought by laparoscopy is in fact, nothing serious. Many patients who underwent a laparoscopic surgery said it was not as bad as they thought it would be, so cheer up instead of worry about the outcome.

Promoting Eye Health: 4 Ways To Prevent Eye Diseases

As the famous cliché goes, the eyes are the gateways to the soul. The eyes are important parts of the body because they make sure people could see the world. Unfortunately, as much as the eyes are important parts of the body, they are also prone to some diseases that can take a toll on one’s eyesight.

Protecting the eyesight is one of the most important things people can do to help maintain quality of life. Aging is one of the factors that could hasten eyesight loss and the emergence of certain eye diseases.

Eye diseases prevention is essential to make sure the eyes are taken care of and various diseases targeting them could be avoided. In fact, more than 50 percent of eyesight loss or blindness is preventable. Even simple things that people could do in their everyday lives could reduce the chances of going blind in the long run.

How Can You Prevent Eye Diseases And Protect The Eyes

  1. Regular Check Ups One of the ways that could help protect the eyes is by having regular physical examinations to check for diseases like diabetes and hypertension.

Diabetes and hypertension could increase the chances of eye diseases in the future, especially if they are uncontrolled. Moreover, it is essential to know one’s medical, health and familial history to see if there is a higher risk of developing certain eye diseases in the future.

Regular Check Ups


  1. Protect Against UV Light It is well known that the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun could harm the eyes. When outdoors during daytime, it is recommended to wear sunglasses that are designed to shield the eyes from UV light. By choosing the right pair of shades, you will surely protect your eyes from the sun’s rays. Too much exposure to UV light could increase the risk of developing eye diseases like macular degeneration and cataracts.

Protect Against UV Light


  1. Eat A Well Balanced Diet Eating a healthy and balanced diet can help avoid certain eye diseases. Moreover, eating healthy could also slash off the risk of having type 2 diabetes, which could eventually lead to certain eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy. Certain foods rich in antioxidants could help reduce the risk of cataracts. Antioxidants could be obtained by eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.

Eat A Well Balanced Diet


  1. Watch Out For Warning Signs Of Vision Problems Whenever you notice eyesight problems, you should see an eye doctor right away. Some of the warning signs to watch out for are a hazy vision, double vision and having a hard time seeing in low light conditions. Other signs include eye redness, floaters, eye pain or swelling and flashes of light.

Watch Out For Warning Signs Of Vision Problems


The eyes are important parts of the body and just like how people take care of their vital organs, they should also take good care of their eyes to prevent diseases.

5 Effective Weight Loss Diets to Have the Bod You’ve Always Wanted

The bikini season is coming very soon and if you’re preparing to have a summer-ready body, this post will give you some insight on the best food to eat. Do note, however, that the best weight loss plan is a combination of a good weight loss diet and an effective workout plan. There are plenty of diet programs out there but this list is narrowed down to the safest diets you can try.


  1. The Best Life Diet. This new diet by Bob Greene works by identifying the root cause of being overweight. What are the emotional and physical reasons behind your hunger? This is done in three phases to help you manage your weight. The first two phases last for a minimum of one month while the third phase is for a lifetime. During Phase One and Phase Two, you will be asked to move more and increase your activity level. The last phase is about building on the first two phases and removing more unhealthy foods from your diet.
  1. The Glycemic Index Diet Foods with high glycemic index tend to raise the blood sugar level and release insulin. This causes the body to store fat. What makes it worse is that it increases hunger. Maltose or beer has a high GI so you may want to avoid drinking at any cost. Potato chips, French fries, rice cakes, and chocolate bars also have high GI according to the Glycemic Index Chart. Switch to non-starchy veggies, pasta, and stone-ground whole wheat.


  1. The Atkins Diet. Many people use the Atkins diet program to keep their blood sugar levels in a healthy range. With this kind of diet, you will be required to avoid simple carbohydrates like sugar and flour. Instead, you could add more protein and fat. It is divided into four phase plans. The first phase is for induction, the second is for balancing, the third is for fine tuning, and the fourth phase is dedicated to maintenance.
  1. The Master Cleanse Diet. The recipe for this diet includes lemon juice, genuine organic maple syrup, cayenne pepper, and water. These ingredients can detox the body and increase healthy blood flow. This liquid diet is normally done in a three to 10-day period. Some do it as a fast for five days. In doing a master cleanse diet, it’s important to only use fresh ingredients. Never use any canned juice as an alternative to freshly squeezed lemon.
  2. The Very Low-Calorie Diet. A calorie is defined as the unit of energy often used to measure the energy value of foods. If you consume 2000 calories a day and you burn it, you will likely stay in the same weight. Burning calories can be hard for some so instead of doing harder workouts, they rely on a very low-calorie diet. When done right, a very low-calorie diet can be a healthy kind of diet. Foods that have the lowest calories are oatmeal, bananas, broccoli, plain yogurt, and carrot.

These diets, when done correctly, are effective. Before committing to a certain diet, make sure that you also do your own research. Finally, don’t forget that you will get the most out of your weight loss diet plan with the right discipline. Keep moving and stay hydrated while doing these diet plans. Which among these diets interest you? Share your thoughts!

7 Simple And Effective Ways To A Perfect Skin And Bikini-Ready Body

Every Singaporean woman dreams of having the perfect skin and a bikini-ready body, regardless of her age. Fortunately, it’s possible to have both in a short time without doing anything too extreme, like crash dieting. These seven simple and effective ways will help you get the perfect skin and bikini-ready body you want:

  1. Have a skincare routine. You should have a proper skincare routine at nighttime which includes facial cleansing, toning, exfoliating, applying topical treatments like acne cream, applying night cream, and applying eye cream. During daytime, always apply sunscreen or day cream that’s suitable for your skin type.

Woman applying moisturiser

  1. Apply anti-aging serum. If you’re over 30, it’s highly recommended that you use anti-aging serum to maintain that youthful skin and to reduce aging signs like lines, wrinkles, and age spots.
  1. Eat superfoods for glowing skin. For glowing, spotless skin, eat superfoods like bone broth, turmeric, lemon, blueberries, salmon, avocados, tomatoes, chia seeds, sweet potatoes, or sardines.


  1. Do a 20-minute Pilates workout. A 20-minute Pilates workout on a daily basis will help you lose weight fast and get a glowing, clearer skin. A rigorous Pilates workout help with blood circulation which makes the skin appear healthier and more radiant, on top of helping you to lose weight in four week’s time.
  1. Try juice or soup cleansing. Juice or soup cleansing works wonders in losing weight fast and getting that perfect skin and bikini-ready body you want in a week or two. The trick is to avoid any consumption of sugar at all cost, relying solely on pure fruits and vegetables. You can either try hot or cold juice or soup for your cleansing.


  1. Do yoga for weight loss. Yoga has various benefits, and different yoga serves different purposes with different benefits. For a fit, toned body and to lose weight fast, try yoga poses such as rajakapotasana, garudasana, , virabhadrasana, anjaneyasana, and malasana. Do any or a combination of these poses on a daily basis.
  1. Book a skin or body treatment. If you’ve got some money to spend, book a good skin or body treatment at a reputable medical aesthetics in Singapore. Such treatment can be a long-term investment. Get a free consultation and discuss the available options or solutions for your skin and body goals.

You can do a combination of the things mentioned at a time for faster results. However, before starting any skin and body treatment, always consider your health and skin condition with a doctor. Look for other alternatives if your preferred treatment is not suitable for you.

7 Tips To Successfully Keep Off Body After A Weight Loss Treatment

If you already tried to slim down after resisting buffets, carbs, and fats yet you didn’t end up with the result you desired, then you must know how to keep those loose fats off. It’s quite frustrating how you wanted to have a better physique yet that saggy skin distorts that perfect body goal. In Singapore, there are a lot of fitness centers that offer slimming and at the same time body maintenance programs to achieve that summer body. So if you just finished working out, here are seven tips on how to keep those unwanted skin and fat away.

  1. Stop Smoking If you are a smoker who finds it hard to quit, then here is a sufficient reason for you to–cigarette smoking is dangerous to your skin. According to International Association of Ecologic Dermatology, people who smoke are more likely to have problems in skin pigmentation, elasticity, and texture. The participants were asked to quit smoking for 9 months; results showed that the participants’ biological age of skin went down to 13 years younger. Say no to cigarette smoking if you want to make your skin glowing.
  2. Don’t Exhaust You already reduced a significant amount of weight, thus that is already enough. Don’t be too hard on yourself. If you might find a loose skin that doesn’t match your physique, calm down because there are ways to get rid of them.Don't be too hard on yourself and get exhausted even you want to lose weight faster
  3. Stay Hydrated Water is vital to maintaining skin elasticity. Dryness can make your skin sag and loose. Therefore, it is advisable to drink at least two liters of water every day.
  4. Eat More Protein The more protein you consume (up to a reasonable level), the healthier your skin would be! Studies show that when you eat more proteins, dryness and wrinkles and other unwanted marks will be prevented or reduced.Consume protein up to a reasonable level to lose weight faster and your skin would be healthy
  5. Eat More Fruits and Vegetables Vitamins and minerals are essential to keep your body working optimally. Fruits and vegetables almost contain all the nutrients that your body needs. From head to toe, they can incredibly make any part of your body healthy! Therefore, the more fruits and vegetables you consume, the more vibrant your skin would be.
  6. Take Care of your Skin Love your skin. Exfoliation can increase the circulation of your skin and at the same time remove unwanted dead skin cells. You can improve your skin’s tone by having a hot bath with salt. Vitamins C and E, aloe vera, and soy are some of the important herbal treatments that can increase collagen production and improve the elasticity of the skin.Exfoliation can increase the circulation of your skin and lose weight faster to get healthy body
  7. Know When to Go to Surgery The option for surgery depends on two things: the elasticity of the skin and the length of time you had been on heavy pounds before you slimmed down. The older you are, the lesser elastic your skin is. Also, the longer time you have been on a huge body, the more loose skin that needs to be intervened. Consult your doctor when is the right time to undergo plastic surgery, ask the risks and benefits, and how safe it would be.

Even with the fastest way to lose weight, you still need to put in mind the after care that you must do to maintain a perfectly fit body. Take care of your skin. Though loose skins might hinder you on your way to your body goal, they are representations of your passionate work to lose weight. If you were able to remove unwanted fats, then you are certain that you can eliminate inelastic saggy skin.